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Lingao  

Lingao is situated in the north-west of Hainan Island. It borders Chengmai County to the east and Danzhou to the south with the Qiongzhou Strait to the north. The county has a land area of 1317 square kilometres, 10 towns, 154 urban villages, 17 neighbourhood committees, 733 rural villages and two state-owned farms. Lingao is rich in natural land resources, possessing level terrain, fertile soil and an abundance of rainfall; all of these are predicates for the development of agriculture. Crops grown here include rice from the numerous paddy fields, rubber, sugar cane, lychees, bananas and many others. Lingao suckling pig, Duowen water spinach and many other agricultural products are famous both inside and outside the county. Lingao County has a coastline stretching 71 kilometres with 11 good natural harbours including Jinpai, Xinying, Tiaolou and Huanglong which have mudflats extending to 5333 hectares that provide favourable conditions for the development of maritime aquaculture and ocean fishing such that the county is the most important fishing industry centre in Hainan Province. Unique local conditions and customs mean that Lingao is considered a “National Folk Art Village” from which both the fishermen’s song “Beautiful Lili” and a local puppet show both originate which makes it a true Chinese treasure. The county’s tourism resources include the Lingao Horn, high mountain ridges, Tongxian summer shade, Confucius Temple, Duowen Mountain, Bairen Beach, Madam Xian Temple and others. Of these attractions, the Lingao Horn is a focal point of Hainan’s development of a seaside tourism zone.


Economic Development:
Initial 2006 estimates put Lingao County’s GDP at around 4 Billion RMB at comparable prices (as for the following figures), an increase of 7.9% over the previous year. Per Capita GDP rose by 6.7% to 10,707 RMB. Primary industrial sector value increased by 3.05 Billion RMB or 7.5% more than the previous year. The fishing sector increased by 2.12 Billion RMB (10.3%) whilst tertiary industries added 700 Million RMB, a rise of 8.2%.


Natural Resources:
Agriculture, forestry and sheep farming resources: Agriculture has developed in the county as a result of its superior geography and climatic conditions which favour all kinds of crops in the natural greenhouse. Lingao is honoured as “the land of fish and rice” and has super-abundant cereals, melons, sugar cane, peanuts, sesame and sesame seed crops. The main primary crops are rubber, pepper, lemongrass and coffee. The main forestry crops are the small leafed eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) and Chinese ephedrine, an ingredient used in traditional medicine. Fruits cultivated include banana, mango, lychee, longan, star fruit and jackfruit. Lingao suckling pig is a speciality dish of the county and also the areas main foreign exchange earner. Animal resources include plentiful rabbits, snakes and pangolins.


Land resources: Situated on the northern tableland of Hainan island, the majority of the ground is made up of weathered basalt and red loam. Also present are marine sediments and alluvial gravel. This deep, fertile soil is particularly suitable for tropical agricultural development. Lingao’s arable land area extends to 800,000 Chinese acres of which 110,000 Chinese acres remain unexploited.


Maritime Resources: Lingao’s coastline stretches for 71 kilometres and has eleven natural harbours with a maritime area of 376 square kilometers plus a further 56,000 Chinese acres of inland water. There are also 40,000 Chinese acres of mudflats which can be exploited. Fishing industry resources are plentiful making Longao the largest county in this sector throughout Hainan. The offshore fishing grounds in Beibu Bay teem with many fish of high economic value including Spanish mackerel, slivery pomfret, grouper and squid. In total there are more than 600 species of fish such as Linao glass fish with its thick transparent flesh which is renowned far and wide for its delicious flavour. Lingao’s seaboard area is suitable for the cultivation of abalone and other shellfish whilst the mudflats are ideal for growing prawns, pearls, winkles,  crabs, grouper fish and yellow croaker fish. The inland rivers of the county and the Tang Reservoir are suitable for cultivation of eel, carp, fushou fish, silver carp Egyptian catfish and other species.


Tourism resources: Lingao possesses rich tourism resources such as natural landscapes and sites of cultural interest. Since ancient times, Lingao has been famous near and far for the “Tongxian Summer Shade” immortalized in a famous poem by Wang Zuoziu, the autumn waves in the South China Sea, the sound from Bairen Beach, Piyeling Stones, Dragon Pool of the Rain God are amongst the county’s eight famous tourist spots. The Lingao puppet show and the fishermen’s song “Beautiful Lili” are treasures of Chinese folk art. Primary tourism resources that are still to be developed are the seaside scenery people’s culture, the ecological environment, farm tours, fishermen’s customs, relaxing fishing, local speciiality dishes and so on.


Communications: The county has already implemented automatic telephone exchanges for national and international long distance digital transmission. The county towns automatic telephone exchange can handle more than 20,000 calls simultaneously whilst mobile phone coverages extends across the whole county. Television and radio are available in every village and the county has an optical fibre network thus giving it a modern communications infrastructure.


Transport infrastructure: Lingao’s transport network runs in all directions on land and sea making transport easy.  There is a rail link to Guangdong, the Western Expressway, round island expressway and Highway 255 (Haiyu Western Expressway). Within the county, the county town is about 86 km from Haikou and 50 km from Yangpu. There are 84 public roads in the county with a total length of 634 km. Tarred roads lead from the county town to other towns, the main harbour and each economic development zone. The harbours of Xinying, Touju, Diaolou and Huanglong can ship goods directly to Guangzhou, Zhanjiang, Hai’an, Beihei, Haikou, Sanya and other ports. The county’s airport expansion project has already been completed and handed over ready for use. On the Guandong-Hainan Western Railway, the Lingao freight terminal is under construction and a gold medal winning 3000 ton car and passenger ferry is already complete. The main part of the state 35,000 ton cargo terminal is complete and ships can already dock there. Lingao therefore already has a superior land, sea and air transport system amongst Hainan’s counties.


Electric power resources: An electricity network is in operation in the county providing power to every household in every town and village. The whole county has two 110 KV substations and eight 35 KV substations, eight 500 KW hydroelectric plants, thirteen hydroelectric power plants with an output of 500 KW or less, giving a total capacity of 154,000 KW with output of 650,00KW per annum.


Natural gas pipeline: The Dongfang 1-1 field natural gas pipeline runs from Yangpu through Lingao county on its way to Haikou. When the Lingao town national gas project is finished it will provide between 15,000 and 20,000 M3 of gas per day to 6000-8000 residents. Once phase two of the project is complete this will increase to 50,000 M3 per day which is more than enough for 12,000 – 15,000 households.


Water supply: Lingao possesses abundant high quality rich water resources which are sufficient to meet the needs of industry, agriculture, manufacturing and the general public. Within the county the principles watercourses are the Wenlan River, Dongjiang River, Maniao River, Boho Creek and the Wenke Creek. Lingao’s Songtao Reservoir is the largest in Hainan. The Eastern Truck Canal flows from the reservoir through five towns over a total distance of 50 kilometres. The county currently has a further seven small and medium sized reservoirs with a storage capacity of 8000 cubic metres. and there are more than 600 million cubic metres of underground water of which calculations show 430 million cubic metres can be extracted.

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