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Lingshui County dates from the sixth year of the Sui Dynasty (610 AD) giving it an established history of almost 1400 years. On December 31st 1987 the present county was set up and renamed Lingshui Li Minority Autonomous County with a geographical position at 18°22′-18°47′ North and 109°45′-110°08′ East. The South China Sea borders the east of the county with Sanya City to the south, Baoting County to the west and Wanning County and Qiongzhong County to the north. The county extends 40 kilometres from north to south, 32 kilometres from east to west and covers a total land area of 1128 square kilometers.

Since its foundation in the sixth year of the Sui Dynasty (581 – 687 AD) Lingshui has a time honoured history covering nearly 1400 years. Today the county has eleven village townships, 114 administrative villages and 611 rural villages. Within its borders also lie the state owned Nanping and Lingmen farms as well as the Diaoluoshan Forestry Company.

Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County has a population of Li, Han and Miao minorities and is an example of an area with high cohabitation but few inhabitants. The population is 330,001 of which 56.2% are Li minority.


Economic Development
According to the 2006 audit, the whole county’s completed GDP was 2.058 billion RMB an increase of 15.1% over the previous year at comparable prices with an increased growth rate of 8.7%, the highest ever recorded. The GDP figure includes an increased amount of 1.275 billion RMB from primary industrial output (an increase of 11.2%), 160 million RMB from secondary industrial output (a 55% increase) and 622 million RMB from tertiary industrys (a 16.9% increase). 


Forestry resources: Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County has a woodland area of around 1 million Chinese acres and the unique and special Diaoluo Mountain Forest Park which covers 3.8 million square kilometers. Some 3,500 species of plant grow within the forested area from 259 families and 1347 genera. There are 11 orders of birds of 37 classes, 15 large and small waterfalls. The forest maintains a year round even temperature of 20ºC making it Hainan’s rare natural summer holiday scenic spot.

Land resources: Currently the county has 421,507 Chinese acres of arable land, market gardens covering 173,808 Chinese acres, 7,492,626 Chinese acres of woodland, 103,488 Chinese acres of residential and industrial / mining area, 12,280 Chinese acres of roads, freeways and railways, 117, 921 Chinese acres of inland water, 101,132 Chinese acres of unexploited land and 115,508 Chinese acres of mudflats and administrative enclaves.


Maritime resources: Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County has a coastline of 57.5 kilometres and is awaiting development of Xincun Harbour, Lian Harbour and other harbours for use as grade one national natural fishing ports. Water depth in the maritime area of 1,225 square kilometers is 100 m containing 48,000 Chinese acres of natural harbours. The ocean has more than 30 species of high economic value fish as well as valuable black and white butterfly conches, pearl oysters, Meitui conches, prawns, shrimps, lobsters, crabs such as the blue crab and other maritime species. Grouper, prawns, shrimp and algae can all be cultivated in the 30,000 Chinese acres of bay area. In the first-rate 2000 Chinese acres of maritime cultivation area, pearls can be cultivated whilst there are 40,000 acres of shore suitable for salt manufacture.

Biological resources: Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County’s Diaoluo Mountain National Forest Park covers 380 square kilomentres. The forest areas has 3,500 species from 259 families and 1347 genera. There are 11 orders of birds of 37 classes making a total of 112 species. Rare species such as the national grade one protected prehistoric spinulosa tree fern (which grew when dinosaurs roamed the earth), the grade two protected podocarp tree, Hong Kong orchid, wild lychee, amonang all grow here. Of national grade one protected rare and precious animals the county has the clouded leopard, giant monitor lizard, peacock and other species. In addition there are many valuable medicinal plants found in Lingshui as well wild flowers.

Mineral resources: Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County has abundant mineral resources of titanium, zirconium, lead, siliceous sand, kaolin, granite etc. There is about 2 million tons of titanium, 100 million tons of siliceous sand, kaolin reserves of 6 million tons. These resources are currently pending a scientific and rational exploitation plan. Lingshui’s salt beds produce around 2,000 tons of sun-dried homogenous fine and course salt per annum. The salt is pure white and lustrous and reaches all the national standards for a Grade I product. In 1994, Linshui salt won the honour of a gold medal at the Ulan Bator, Mongolia International Exhibition.

Tropical resources: The county is suitable for the cultivation of tropical economic crops including pepper, rubber, coconut, betel nut and cashew nut.

Currently, Lingshui County’s tropical cultivation area is 116,000 Chinese acres with approximately a further 200,000 Chinese acres awaiting development in which investment has begun to increase enterprise.

Fruit resources: Lingshui is honoured with the titles of “Tropical Greenhouse”, and “Tropical Plant Treasure Land” and was China’s first southern cultivation centre. In the winter it is Hainan’s vegetable garden. In the sea, the cultivation of pearls is amongst the primary industries. In Lingshui there are abundant economic fruit products including coconuts, betel nuts, lychees, dragon’s eye fruit, star fruit, red pitaya or dragon fruit, cherry tomatoes, bananas, mango, pepper, lantern pepper and water melons.


Tourism resources: Lingshui is extremely rich in tourism resources. Natural features of the landscape include Coconut Island, Perfumed Bay, Tufu Bay, Nanwan Monkey Island, the virgin tropical rainforest of Diaoluo Mountain and Xiaomai (Little Sister) Lake. Among the cultural attractions are the Lingshui County old Soviet Council Building (Qiongshan Assembly Hall), the former site of the Lingshui County Farmers’ Association (Shunde Assembly Hall) Southern Feudal Villa and Park, Temple of the Dragon King, Sanwei Buddhist Temple, Qing Dynasty Street, Nanping Hot Spring, Gaofeng Hot Spring and the Hongxie Hot Spring.

Transport: The County is criss-crossed with roads running in all directions. Altogether there are currently 147 public roads with an overall length of 766.99 kilometres which already link every town and village in the county.

Water resources: Lingshui has 150 large and small rivers with good water conservancy facilities comprising a total of 83 large and medium scale facilities. There are 67 reservoir projects,16 water irrigation projects and 39 projects to raise low-lying water for irrigation purposes. Total reservoir capacity is 190 million cubic metres with an irrigation area of 9350 hectares.

The theoretical potential for hydroelectric power from water reserves is 5.6 Mw with equipment for 1,6143 Mw already installed. Nanping power station is currently under development and will have an installed capacity of 0.126 Mw when complete.

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